[download Textbooks] TintentodAuthor Cornelia Funke – Vivefutbol.co

99% spoiler free I have trouble with spilling spoilers, so I m working hard not to do it this time I got so crazy about this series that I not only ordered vol 3 this one from Germany to find out how it ended, I even ordered the audio book and put it on my iPod so I could obsess about it repeatedly.The cover blurb says, Der Verlag bernimmt keine Haftung f r eventuell verloren gegangene Personen The publishers assume no responsibility for readers who disappear, essentially It s all about getting lost in books.this time literally than usual They can laugh all they want It happens Incredible I mean, what s not to like It s a narrative about bibliophilia Not just the stories out of books, which play a big role, especially in Vol 1.but also, all the physical trappings of books The main adult point of view character is a bookbinder secondary adult point of view characters are an author and a book collector minor characters include a handful of book illuminators If you Google for character names you find out that a handful of them are names of early scribes from St Gallen For a medievalist like me this is a delightful Easter egg, and it s hardly the only one Each chapter begins with a quotation from a book the citations chosen vary interestingly between the English and German versions of Vols 1 2 and presumably will also in Vol 3 the English version is due later this year , though they are probably 75% matches I wouldn t be surprised if Funke picked the English set as well she s clearly a big Anglophile The range of the quotes is impressive, from in the German version Mark Twain to Paul Celan to C S Lewis to Matthias Claudius to J M Barrie to Salman Rushdie to Umberto Eco to Schiller Die R uber of course There are marvelous robbers in the story, with all of the same conflicting agendas as the ones in Schiller and a host of others There s a definite kinship to the robbers in Astrid Lindgren, too The themes are Big social justice for the downtrodden families with all their complications most of the characters are on the moody passionate side misunderstanding between close kin happens repeatedly self sacrifice to save others weaker than oneself the meaning death gives to life Funke s husband Rolf was dying of cancer as she wrote Tintentod, and it shows In a good way Many readers favorite character is Staubfinger Dustfinger , the fire dancer street performer who thinks he has no courage but mine is Mortimer, the bookbinder, whose innocent heart his symbol isn t a unicorn by accident and empathy for the oppressed takes him into mortal danger multiple times I can count five times from this volume without even thinking hard Okay, there s a bit of mild mannered Clark Kent going on here, but it s a nice archetype and Mortimer s hero alter ego, and what he finds he is capable of, will take your breath away I can t remember the last time I forgot to breathe while reading As one of the other reviewers says,Dude I ll even say Duuuuuuuuuuuuuude.What are they called in English Inkheart, Inkspell, Inkdeath.What are they called in German Inkheart, Inkblood, Inkdeath.Go figure It s another Sorcerer s Stone, as I figure it.But don t let that get in your way Read em. Inkdeath is the epic adventure I expectedInkheartandInkspellto be and as much as I complained about the slow pace, plot meandering, and innumerable characters in the first two books, I can tell you now that all the buildup was worth it Funke was juggling so many different plots by the end of Inkspell that I was seriously worried that many or all would be dropped or mishandled in the third act, but she surprised me by keeping all of them going until their natural conclusions, and also resisting the temptation to add new ones Not every writer can do that view spoiler Dustfinger is dead, Orpheus is abroad in the Inkworld, the Adderhead is immortal but frozen in the death process, Meggie is angry, Resa is pregnant, Fenoglio is racked with guilt, and Mo can t tell whether he s himself or the Bluejay these days Can the Adder be stopped Can Death itself be undone Can anyone achieve peace in the Inkworld Can the people from our world ever return here or should they hide spoiler Tintentod Inkdeath Inkworld, 3 , Cornelia FunkeThe Inkheart trilogy is a series of three fantasy novels written by German author Cornelia Funke, comprising Inkheart 2003 , Inkspell 2005 , and Inkdeath 2008 The books chronicle the adventures of teen Meggie Folchart whose life changes dramatically when she realizes that she and her father, a bookbinder named Mo, have the unusual ability to bring characters from books into the real world when reading aloud Mostly set in Northern Italy and the parallel world of the fictional Inkheart book, the central story arc concerns the magic of books, their characters and creatures, and the art of reading 2012 3 1389 703 9789645668646 21 3 1392 802 9789643698485. .. Wow Wow I m speechless Wow Gah, I don t know what to say Let me first let out a scream of stunned glee AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH Okay, now that that s over with, I ll get on with the review XD First, I have to say INKDEATH IS SOOO A M A Z I N G I could not tear my eyes away from the pages when I was reading it, and the whole time, my heart was pounding so hard Inkdeath is crazily exciting and thrilling And there are so many genius plot twists, it s incredible It s so different than the two other books in the trilogy, and that s one of the reasons why this is my favorite of all three.There is so much amazing character development Cornelia Funke has always been a queen of characters, but in Inkdeath, she definitely branches out and develops her well loved characters to an astounding extent In Inkheart and Inkspell, Resa was a bit flat the kind, caring, sweet mother that looked out for her husband and daughter But Funke really gives her a lot of depth in Inkdeath She becomes a hero, instead of always being the one who sits out and watches the action unfold She shows us all these sides that we never could have guessed of her fiercely independent side, her firm stubbornness now we know where Meggie got it from , her internal struggles even all her flaws I love how she has the courage and independence to go against her husband and wife and try to find a way for them to go back home I really enjoyed getting to know Resa better, and watching her turn from a flat character to the three dimensional one she is now.Mo s transformation into the Bluejay is amazing He reveals a whole different side of him that I never knew he had Who would have guessed that the quiet, loving bookbinder could also be the brave, noble, cold blooded Bluejay It s amazing how much Mo changes from Inkspell to Inkdeath in Inkspell, he kept telling everyone he wasn t the Bluejay, and he kept refusing the part But in Inkdeath, he becomes the Bluejay, and he embraces the character as himself Already in the first chapters, he is going out at night and killing, and he even considers himself to be the Bluejay In Inkspell, I never would have guessed that Mo was actually going to turn into the Bluejay Or was the Bluejay always a part of him, and he was just letting it free What came first Mo or the Bluejay Who knows Either way, it s so cool how much Mo changes It s funny how at the beginning of Inkdeath, I want Mo to stop being the Bluejay, but when he finally stops at the end, I m sad Dustfinger changes a lot when he comes back from the dead, and in my opinion, it s for the better Yes, he has always been a very round, three dimensional character, but I ve always hated him He was selfish, he only did things for himself, he only helped others if he could get something out of it, and he was always only concerned about his own agenda Plus, I d never really forgiven him for betraying Mo and Meggie at the beginning of Inkheart and leading Capricorn to them And I hated him for always leaving Roxane and Brianna and going off doing whatever When Dustfinger comes back to life in Inkdeath, I change from hating him to loving him He isn t selfish any, and he doesn t hate Mo so unfairly In fact, he and Mo are very close, so close that they can feel the other s emotions, which I think is really cool I love how he always follows Mo and protects him And the new things he can do with fire are awesome Dustfinger definitely changes for the better.Farid, on the other hand, changes for the worse In Inkspell, he was the sweet, caring, kind boy who was head over heels in love with Meggie In Inkdeath, he is a total selfish jerk He only cares about rescuing Dustfinger he s way too obsessed with that, actually He barely cares about Meggie any, even though he used to be in love with her, and he actually cheats on her countless times with a bunch of maids That moron has no sense of faith By the middle of Inkdeath, I m ready to jump into the book and punch him I m so glad that Meggie chooses Doria over Farid I would have probably killed her if she chose Farid Doria is so much nicer, and Farid doesn t deserve Meggie It makes me kind of sad, though, when I remember how sweet Farid and Meggie were together in Inkspell It makes me frustrated wasn t Farid the one who was in love with Meggie Ah well.Violante really grows and develops in Inkdeath In Inkspell, she was pretty flat we didn t know much about her personality, and she didn t have that big of a role But in Inkdeath, she has a huge part, and I like that She shows herself to be strong and independent and clever She s a great character It s interesting how she s in love with the Bluejay, but hopefully she ll get over it now, because what Fenoglio said is true she s not actually in love with Mo himself, but the part that he played.Okay, let s talk about Meggie She has no part at all in Inkdeath and I love that Okay, maybe Meggie s nice, but let s face it she s always been a pretty boring, flat main character So it s quite a relief to have other, interesting characters be the main characters of Inkdeath their views are much exciting than Meggie s, and I love taking a look through all their eyes Also, I was quite tired of Meggie always being the one to save the day So I m really glad that different people saved the day this time that Mo and Resa and Dustfinger got their chance I m glad that she isn t the center of attention this time, and that I get to understand other characters better.The scene where Mo talks to Death is so cool Funke portrays Death in such a creative way I never would have imagined Death as a shape shifter, or with a woman s voice That s one of my favorite scenes in the book.I love the Black Prince, but I m disappointed that he doesn t do much in this book He basically stays behind while Mo does everything Ah well.I love how the climax of the book is set in the Castle in the Lake That castle is really cool, and it lets us see Violante s history We find out a lot about her mother, which we didn t know much about before and who would have guessed that Violante s mother was actually in love with the Adder I still don t see how she could have fallen in love with that snake Plus, it s nice that the action is happening at a different place than the Ombra Castle or the Castle of Night.I hate Orpheus SO much Every single time I see him in the book, I want to leap into the pages and beat that son of a female dog to a pulp Many times I wanted to chuck the book at the wall and stop reading because of him I hate his stupid, sadistic, conceited, selfish, greedy butt SO much I would have HAPPILY killed him Slooowwwllyyy And I would have enjoyed every second of it No, I am not a sadist Shut up Only Orpheus makes me like this P Most of the bad things that happen in Inkdeath are because of him And it was so disgusting, the way he was using the maids Pedophile Through the whole book, I was waiting and waiting for Mo or at least someone to kill him, but nooooo Instead he gets to run off skipping into the sunset, unharmed Well, it s not really the sunset like the cold mountains And I doubt he s skipping. But still AGH Darnit, Cornelia, why couldn t you have just killed him C mon, it wouldn t have taken than a few minutes I mean, you ve already killed so many people in Inkdeath, what s one to you I hope he freezes to death in the mountains No, that s too nice of a death for him I hope he reaches another village, tries to trick them and get wealthy, but they burn him at the stake And he has a long, painful death in which he realizes that he is actually a terrible and pathetic person, and that Mo is so much better than him YES THAT WOULD BE PERFECT D GO DIE, ORPHEUS YOU SUCK AT WRITING AND AT READING HAA TAKE THAT, YOU STUPID DOG YOU CAN T WRITE, YOU CAN ONLY STEAL THE WORDS OF A WRITER THAT S BETTER THAN YOU HAVE WE EVER SEEN YOU WRITE WITHOUT USING FENOGLIO S WORDS HUH HUH NO, DIDN T THINK SO HAA SO GO DIE Okay, I think I m done now Yay That felt good.I don t like Fenoglio much, either Okay, yeah, he s nicer than Orpheus EVERYONE is , but that s not saying much at all He s almost as vain and arrogant as Orpheus, and he always really irritates me It really bugs me how he barely writes a word in all of Inkdeath for Meggie to read to make things turn for the better The whole time where he s just drinking and feeling sorry for himself, I want to slap him, and even when he stops drinking, he doesn t even write at all It makes me want to scream at him, WHO S STORY IS THIS, YOU CRAZY OLD MAN YOURS IT S YOUR STORY, ISN T IT SO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT But nooo He s a totally useless character in this book.The thing about how Fenoglio wrote a different story about the grown up Doria is so amazing I think it s really interesting that Doria s story isn t published, but it still is included in the Inkworld Which shows that a story doesn t have to be published to come to life, and I love that message I was always sad how Dustfinger loved Brianna, but she hated him It hurt whenever Brianna referred to Dustfinger as The Fire Dancer, instead of her father, and when Brianna never seemed to care that her father was dead But at the end of Inkdeath, she starts to accept him as her father, when he saves her from the Night Mare, and I really like that Also, Violante and Jacopo have always hated each other, but at the end of Inkdeath they start to warm up to each other I love the hints that Funke gives us how Jacopo calls Violante mother for the first time, and how Violante puts her arm around her son.There are so many astonishing plot twists that sweep me off my feet in a good way in this book Violante offering Mo her alliance Violante being in love with the Bluejay Mo visiting Death and making a bargain with her I never would have expected Death to actually be personified and revealed as a character in this story, so I didn t know what to think when Mo went into the world of the dead and I was stunned right out of my skin when Mo met Death Dustfinger coming back to life I was convinced that he was going to stay dead, forever, so it s a huge surprise when Mo brings him back into the world with him the whole thing with Meggie falling out of love with Farid and in love with Doria Mortola coming back and allying herself with Orpheus her turning into a magpie Resa turning into a swift Basta s spirit being the Night Mare I thought Night Mares were just nameless creatures, so it came as quite a shock I m so glad that Dustfinger kills it I ve always thought that Dustfinger should have been the one to kill Basta, not Mo But the biggest and most shocking plot twist of them all is definitely Jacopo s part in the conclusion of Inkdeath Jacopo is the last person I would have expected to help Mo kill the Adderhead which is why I love the fact that he does I love when minor characters turn into major characters And it makes perfect sense why he does it at the end of the book, we can see that Jacopo is changing He s still snobby and bratty and self centered, but he doesn t idolize his grandfather or the Piper any, and he begins to hate them And, he starts to feel affection towards his mother That s why he changes heart and helps Mo This makes me really respect and view him differently I used to hate him, but after what he does, I almost feel affection towards him.I think it s really cool how Mo writes the three words in the book, how Jacopo distracts the Piper It s so suspenseful and intense when Mo writes each word, then gets distracted after each That s my favorite part in the book besides the scene where Mo meets with Death my heart was beating so fast at those moments It s so dramatic.And I love how the words to kill the Adderhead are the three titles of the book, in order heart, spell, and death It ties the book titles together and makes sense why the books are called what they are However, I just recently found out that when Cornelia originally wrote the book in German, she called the second book Inkblood instead of Inkspell So in that case, did the translator not only change the title from blood to spell, but also the words that the kill the Adder from heart, BLOOD, and death to heart, spell, and death It makes sense that way but why did they change it What s up with the White Woman that writes something about Mo and gives it to Meggie We never actually find out what is written on there, Meggie only says that it s the Bluejay s last song and that it s a happy ending for him or something I don t get it Did the White Woman write something for Meggie to read, so that Mo s story would end happily so does that mean that the good outcome of the events at the Castle in the Lake are because of Meggie But we never actually saw Meggie read, and she never said so so did the White Woman just show Meggie what was going to happen, so she wouldn t worry But why would the White Woman do that wouldn t she just let Meggie find out when Mo came home safe Plus, why did the White Woman care so much about Mo The last line of the chapter before the epilogue is awesome But even though Farid is a jerk and totally deserves Meggie to leave him, it still makes me kind of sad because I remember the days in Inkspell when Farid and Meggie were together, and that was so sweet sigh oh well.I love the epilogue Meggie s brother seems so cute It s so cool how he longs to go to the real world, just like Meggie once longed to go to the Inkworld The last line of the book is so cool it kind of makes you feel like the story is going back to the beginning again, except reversed I love indefinite endings DI m kind of disappointed that the Folcharts don t go back to the real world Doria with them, of course , but I guess they really do love the Inkworld and I admit, I fell in love with the Inkworld myself, too So I can hardly complain D No, I m actually happy that they stay.One thing I really love about this trilogy is how Cornelia Funke puts quotes from other books at the beginning of each chapter, quotes that sort of have to do with what goes on in each chapter They re interesting, and I always get a pleasant jolt when she puts a quote from a book that I ve read DCornelia Funke s characters really impress me Her ability to create such realistic and believable characters is astounding Every single one of her characters are so round and complex and three dimensional, and they re all so lifelike It s not just that they all mature and develop and grow so much over the three books Only a highly skilled writer can do that What really amazes me is that Cornelia Funke wrote the book in German, so the English edition is written by a translator and it has such an amazing writing style The books are one of the most well written ones I ve ever read But usually when a book gets translated, the writing style isn t that great, because the pretty prose usually gets lost when someone else takes them and transfers them to a different language Not in this case Either Cornelia Funke is such a great writer that her style shines even through the tampering of translation, or the translator is a great writer herself It s probably a mixture of both.Another thing is, I feel like the book drags on for way too long There are long periods of time in which nothing seems to happen, or the events just get stretched out and out Sometimes I felt like the book was never going to end The book doesn t flow well When I try to remember the first half of the book, it feels hazy, and it feels like I m remembering it from a book before Inkdeath Funke should have cut Inkdeath in half and made it into two separate books, in my opinion That would have made it much easier Or at least, she should have made it much shorter There are many unnecessary scenes, and the ones that are necessary go on for forever.I didn t like how Meggie s ambition to be a writer just kind of dropped after the first book What happened to her wanting to be like Fenoglio and write her own words that she can read aloud In Inkdeath, she doesn t even think of that ambition again It s like someone totally erased it in her mind, or Funke didn t think it was important any which really frustrates me I thought it was really cool that Meggie wanted to be a writer, so why did that have to spill out the window Also, I think the whole Brianna Cosimo thing is weird First of all, I thought it was kind of gross when they were in love in Inkspell, because he s like, way older than her it never actually says how old Cosimo is, but I ve always thought of him as being, like, 20, while Brianna is 15 Pedophile, anyone plus he was MARRIED to Violante, so he was cheating on his wife with her own maid Plus, what I really didn t get was that Violante knew about it, and she wasn t doing anything What the hell I mean, Brianna was spending her nights with Cosimo, for crying out loud What does thattell you So I don t get at all why Violante forgives Brianna for cheating on her with her husband and why she lets Brianna come back to her I would have punched her for even asking to come back Ugh.Sometimes I feel like there s too much going on in the story There are too many subplots so many that sometimes I forget what themain plot is , too many back stories, and definitely too many villains There s way too many conflicts to keep track of them all, and with all these different villains with all their different agents, and all these different heroes with all their different agendas, I found myself getting many headaches as I was struggling to keep up with the crazy tangle going on in Inkdeath And not all the villains are even that great, either I mean, the Piper and Orpheus and Mortola are great villains, but the Milksop is a boring, flat one and the Adderhead is such a lame villain in Inkdeath Sure, in Inkspell he was a great villain, but he loses all his magic in Inkdeath, and just turns into an annoying old man I kind of feel the same about Mortola she was a great villain before, but in Inkdeath she just becomes really annoying, and there isn t really any point to her in this book She doesn t do much, and she just ends up dying anyway before she can cause any harm or anything Okay, enough of the things I didn t like about itI really love the theme of Inkdeath the message that it is not the author who controls the story, but the characters and the story itself This is basically the theme of the whole trilogy The story and characters will do what they want, whether the author likes it or not, and it is in fact the story and characters that control the author, not the other way around This is so true every writer learns that the hard way I m talking from experience Erp I think this is the coolest theme a book has ever portrayed.All in all, this is an amazing ending to the trilogy, and I m glad that Cornelia Funke finished it this way it s perfect I love this series so much, and it s now one of my top favorites It s a great story not only for book lovers, but for writers, too I m definitely going to keep these three books and take them with me wherever I go I ll definitely go on re reading and re reading them, and I know this is one of those series s that I ll be reading even when I m an adult. The German title for the second book in this series is TINTENBLUT or INKBLOOD Why it became INKSPELL in the US is a mystery my guess is it was a marketing decision spell is a lot less scary than blood Having now read the final book in the series, I see why that original title was so apt and think it was very unfortunate that it was changed But back to this book It is dense, dark, and rich with ideas I found it totally engrossing The story picks up where the previous volume left off In the world of the INKHEART book Who tells the story Who writes the story Can the story be changed Can death or the White Ladies, in this story be stymied What is love Meggie, the feisty heroine of the first two books, is here trying to determine what love is She was in love with Farid in the last book What happens in this one Do they go riding off happily into the sunset And what about other loves Farid s for Dustfinger Resa s for Mo Mo s for the Bluejay trick comment, that one Orpheus for Orpheus The world of INKHEART is a wonderful one there are fairies and glassmen and shapeshifters and giants It is also a harsh world with many deaths This is not a book for the squeamish, Funke doesn t hold back with these The characters are complex Things change for all of them Some of them seem to be headed to the dark side at times As for plot, Funke kept me on my toes all the time wondering what would happen next Up to the very last page, I was totally unsure I should say it ends satisfyingly, but won t say than that Or at least, I was satisfied The book is dense with plot, characters, world, and ideas I loved it, but can imagine that it takes a particular reader to most enjoy it My ARC weighs in at 663 pages with a relatively small font to boot So for fans of the previous two books, I think you are in for a exciting, thought provoking, and satisfying final ride. I finally finished re reading this as an adult I only have praise for it, and I think this remains a masterpiece in the category of Harry Potter And if you ve been born after 1990 you know what this means This is a book for both adults and children and it has a wonderful plot, developed characters who are not only deeply layered and humanly as possible, but also grow from page one to the last page of this trilogy And this world, this beautiful world of Inkworld will always have a special place in my heart If you re looking for a fantasy to call home, go read this. CAUGHT BETWEEN THE COVERS OF A CURSED STORYEver Since The Extraordinary Events Of Inkspell, When The Enchanted Book Inkheart Drew Meggie And Her Father, Mo, Into Its Chapters, Life In The Inkworld Has Been Tragic Than MagicalThe Fire Eater Dustfinger Is Dead, Having Sacrificed His Life For His Apprentice Farid S, And Now, Under The Rule Of The Evil Adderhead, The Fairy Tale Land Is In Bloody Chaos, Its Characters Far Beyond The Control Of Fenoglio, Their Author Even Elinor, Left Behind In The Real World, Believes Her Family To Be Lost Lost Between The Covers Of A BookFacing The Threat Of Eternal Winter, Mo Inks A Dangerous Deal With Death Itself There Yet Remains A Faint Hope Of Changing The Cursed Story If Only He Can Fill Its Pages Fast Enough Inkdeath The Captivating Final Tale In The Inkheart Trilogy Inkdeath is the final installment of the Inkworld series I haven t decided, yet, if it was better than the first book, Inkheart, but it was a lot better than Inkspell, which was the second book Warning Review will probably contain spoilers and I m kind of lazy to hide them this morning.To start off, Dustfinger is dead Farid is practically torn up about this and doesn t know what to do with his life Oh, and Mo is forever keeping secrets to himself, which is a terrible decision made by himself Of course there s Meggie, Resa, and Elinor too Now Meggie, I love her so much I really like how her character has grown throughout the series I kind of thought her and Farid were cute in the second book but the guy straight up annoyed me the entire time in Inkdeath I just wanted to slap him silly every god damn time he whined about Dustfinger and why no one has brought him back I didn t feel bad when they weren t together any because she honestly deserved someone so much better Enter Doria, who was SO MUCH BETTER I absolutely loved Doria s character and instantly forgot about Farid.Then there s Mo and Resa Okay, so she s pregnant and Mo seems to be acting strange in this book Well, stranger than before However, I didn t buy into that blue jay crap He was just being a selfish jerk and was annoying he shit out of me as well Then of course there s Resa, who again is still pregnant, and she s off going into sort of dangerous situations I know she knows she s pregnant but what gives I just didn t see the point.Besides all of that nonsense, there s Dustfinger Who s alive, dead, and then alive Nothing really happens there but it was kind of annoying to go through all of that crap too I still ended up loving the shit out of the character In the end, the book was a bit darker and did give some good twists I did, however, end up getting bored here and there while listening to the audio book It could ve been the narrator or I just could ve been bored at work while listening to this I have no idea I just was. 5 5 starsWhy did death make life taste so much sweeter Why could the heart love only what it could also lose Open a book Make yourself comfortable and breathe a little Close your eyes and open them again And start reading You ll find yourself in another world A world of tall trees, clear blue skies, the sound of horse hooves, the colliding of swords, the chirping of the birds and the aura of adventure But you ll also feel other, human feelings You ll feel happiness, love and safety in the arms of your new family, your new friends or a new lover, all of them made of ink and words But you ll also feel fear, and sadness and the darkest kind of despair That and is what the Folchart family went through while in the Inkworld.And every possible feeling is what I felt while reading this amazing series I do not think I am ready to leave it behind, since one of my most favorite people in the world introduced me to it, but I surely am ready to reread and relive all the amazing and terrible moments Because reading is all memories, hidden between the pages, along with dreams, hopes and fears, all mixed together with the world, the plot and the characters.At first I was worried he plot was moving kind of slow, and this literally is the last thing I want from a book in a series After a while though, everything picked up, and it all started The adventure The battles The heartbreak The love The friendship The family And the power of books and the words that lie in them.The characters were as always amazing New ones appeared, and new alliances and relationships formed, altering everything view spoiler I am not sure how I felt about Meggie and Doria but I guess I was okay with it, since everyone got the happy ending they deserved in the Inkworld hide spoiler